How does a Wine Cooler Work?

A lot more people would purchase wine refrigeration systems if they understood these systems better. The following questions are frequently asked by people who are wondering, “How does a wine cooler work?”.

Is a Thermoelectric Cooler better than a Compressor Powered Unit?

When you are reading the reviews on wine fridges you will see the term thermoelectric used to describe some of them. Other wine chillers will have the term compressor in their description. There is a big difference between these two types of cooling systems.

How does a wine cooler work (Thermoelectric)

A thermoelectric wine refrigerator uses the Peltier effect discovered in 1834 by the French Physicist of the same name. In short the cooling occurs where two different conductors of electricity meet. The devices that are designed to use the Peltier effect could be used to create heated air, or to create cooled air, but they are most commonly used to create cooled air.

The thermoelectric wine chilling cabinets are less common that the appliances that use a typical compressor to cool the air inside the cabinet. The big difference is the fact that a unit that has a compressor will have moving parts that circulate a cooling liquid, or gas, like Freon throughout the system to cool the air.

An appliance that has a compressor will be subject to having to have additional cooling liquid put in it at a later time. The units could develop leaks in their tubing. They are less energy efficient and they cost more to operate than the thermoelectric versions do.

The thermoelectric appliances are often priced higher than the appliances that have compressors because the thermoelectric devices are expected to last longer, and they cost more for the manufacturer to build.

Do Electric Wine Coolers Hold all Sizes of Wine Bottles?

The normal wine refrigerator is designed to hold standard 750ml wine bottles, or Bordeaux size bottles. If you drink the wines that come in larger containers, like champagne, then buy a mini wine fridge that has removable shelves so you can make the interior accommodate the size of bottles you buy the most often.

Couldn’t I Chill my Wine in My Household Refrigerator?

People do chill their wine in their household refrigerators, and in buckets of ice. The problem with these chilling methods is that the bottles of wine are not allowed to chill to the perfect temperature for their variety. That means that the flavor is not as good as it could be when you drink your wine. The aroma of the wine is not as enticing as it should be, and the wine may spoil faster than it should.

You should chill dry white wines, sparkling wines, and “rose” wines to a temperature between forty degrees and fifty degrees. This temp will keep your sparkling wine bubbly and not allow it to get frothy on you.

You should serve full-bodied white wines, and light fruity red wines at a temperature between fifty degrees and sixty degrees. This allows you to detect the complexity of bottle of wines like a Chardonnay.

For full-bodied red wines, or bottles of port, the best temperature is a range between sixty degrees and sixty five degrees. These warmer temperatures help to reduce the bitter components that might be present in these wine varieties.

Should I Buy a Wine Cooler?

It depends. If you only drink wine every now and then and aren’t particular when it comes to flavor and how fancy your wine is, you can probably do without. You can chill your occasional bottle of wine in your regular fridge and we bet you’ll enjoy a pleasant drinking experience. Or, you can purchase a single-bottle electric wine cooler to use on special nights.

However, if you’re a collector of rare wines or are passionate about the beverage, investing in a wine fridge is a clever move. This will allow you to store all the bottles you’ve gathered throughout the years in a suitable environment and display them in style. Not to mention the fact that you’ll always have a bottle ready when guests come to visit and you’ll be able to chill multiple bottles prior to throwing a party, for example.

Wine coolers come in many shapes and sizes – from smaller ones that hold a limited numbers of bottles to larger ones that can hold up to more than a hundred. Depending on how extensive your collection is, we advise you choose accordingly.

How long does it take to Chill a Bottle of Wine?

If you are placing your wine in a bucket of ice you should have a properly chilled bottle in about half an hour. If you are using an electric wine cooler you should put the beverage in the cooling unit one to two hours prior to serving time.

I hope this article have all the answer of How does a wine cooler work? If I missed anything please let me know via comment, will add that as soon as possible I can.

Danial Jones

Danial lives in the Rocky Mountains with his wife, a medium-sized dog, and an attack cat. Before he started writing wine fridge And cooler related articles, he experimented with various occupations: computer programming, dog-training etc. But his favorite job is the one he’s now doing full time — writing articles.

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Gary - last year

Thanks for the information, but this doesn’t really make me want to buy one more than I did before reading the article. I need one if I have wine to chill. 🙂


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